Monge, Gaspard

(1746-1818)
   mathematician, political figure
   Born in Beaume, Gaspard Monge was admitted to the military school at Mézières and was appointed professor of physics at lyon. In 1780, robert tur-got invited him to teach in Paris, where, joining the revolution of 1789, he served as minister of the navy and helped to found the École polytechnique (1794). He then took part in the Egyptian campaign of Napoléon Bonaparte. The recognized inventor of descriptive geometry, Monge established the general theory of figures in space. He was also the author of a number of other theories of analytical geometry, including those dealing with three dimensions. He was professor of descriptive geometry at the École polytechnique for more than 10 years, then discovered pluckerian coordinates. He studied differential equations that he applied to geometry and developed the theories of partial derivatives. interested also in practical sciences, Monges studied the nature of air and water, and did experiments similar to those of Henry Cavendish and antoine lavoisier. Monge's work is characterized by a global vision that unifies analytical, geometrical, and practical aspects. Named count of Péluse, he was, elected to the Academy of sciences in 1780.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Monge , Gaspard — (1746–1818) French mathematician Monge, who was born at Beaune in France, was trained as a draftsman at Mézières, where he later became professor of mathematics (1768). During the French Revolution he served on the committee that formulated the… …   Scientists

  • MONGE, GASPARD —    celebrated French mathematician, born at Beaune; one of the founders of the Polytechnic School in Paris (1746 1818) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Monge, Gaspard, comte de Péluse — ▪ French mathematician and public official born May 10, 1746, Beaune, France died July 28, 1818, Paris  French mathematician who invented descriptive geometry, the study of the mathematical principles of representing three dimensional objects in… …   Universalium

  • Gaspard Monge — Nacimiento 9 de mayo de 1746 Beaune …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gaspard Monge — Born 9 May 1746 (1746 05 …   Wikipedia

  • Gaspard Monge — Gaspard Monge, comte de Péluse (* 9. Mai 1746 in Beaune[1]; † 28. Juli 1818 in Paris) war ein französischer Mathematiker und Physiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MONGE (G.) — MONGE GASPARD (1746 1818) Mathématicien français, Gaspart Monge est fils d’un marchand forain. Il est éduqué par les oratoriens d’abord au collège de Beaune (sa ville natale), puis au collège de Lyon, où il enseigne dès l’âge de seize ans les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gaspard Monge — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monge. Gaspard Monge Naissance 9 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monge-Ampere-Gleichung — Eine monge ampèresche Gleichung, oder monge ampèresche Differentialgleichung, ist eine spezielle nichtlineare partielle Differentialgleichung zweiter Ordnung in n Variablen. Sie wurde von Gaspard Monge Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts eingeführt, um… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monge-Ampere Gleichung — Eine monge ampèresche Gleichung, oder monge ampèresche Differentialgleichung, ist eine spezielle nichtlineare partielle Differentialgleichung zweiter Ordnung in n Variablen. Sie wurde von Gaspard Monge Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts eingeführt, um… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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